This CKS topic covers the primary care management of chickenpox in healthy children and adults, during pregnancy, in neonates, and in people who are immunocompromised. It also offers advice on the management of healthy children and adults, pregnant women, neonates, and immunocompromised individuals following exposure to a person with chickenpox. The recommendation to notify relevant authorities in Scotland and Northern Ireland has been removed as chickenpox is no longer a notifiable disease. A literature search was conducted in September to identify evidence-based guidelines, UK policy, systematic reviews, and key RCTs published since the last revision of the topic. Changes include:. The QIPP options for local implementation have been added to this topic.
Varicella, also known as chickenpox, is a very common and highly infectious childhood disease that is found worldwide. Symptoms appear 10 to 21 days after infection and last about 2 weeks. The defining symptom is a characteristic blister-like rash, which can cause severe irritation. Most children have a relatively mild illness, but severe illness may occur in adults and people with depressed immunity because of existing illness or because of a treatment that they are receiving e. Varicella is a generalized viral disease caused by varicella-zoster virus VZV , a DNA virus of the herpesvirus family.
Call Calls may be monitored or recorded. Opening Times. Chickenpox is very common especially in children but can affect adults too. Along with the spots, other symptoms include high temperature, aches and pains and a loss of appetite.